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Michigan surveys focus on police-community relations


While local leaders say police forces across

Michigan have good overall relations with their communities, those in larger

cities worry about the possibility of civil unrest after well-publicized incidents in Ferguson, Mo., and Baltimore.

In Michigan cities with more than 30,000 residents, 64 percent of local leaders are somewhat or very concerned about potential civil unrest and only 10 percent are "not at all concerned," according to a University of Michigan survey of the state's local government leaders.

Statewide, 57 percent of local leaders are "not at

all concerned" that a major incident of civil unrest

connected to police use-of-force could happen in their jurisdiction in the near future, while 32 percent are not

very concerned. Those in 8 percent of jurisdictions are somewhat concerned that an incident could occur, and just 2 percent are very concerned.

Police-community relations have been on the

minds of many government leaders, law enforcement

officers, policy analysts, citizens, community activists and others since August 2014 when a white police officer in Ferguson shot and killed unarmed black teenager Michael Brown and civil unrest ensued. In April 2015, the death of Freddie Gray while in police custody in Baltimore further inflamed tense relations in

communities across the nation.

Other key findings from the Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS) include:

•The heightened concern in large cities is related to population density, increased racial diversity and

self-reported recent incidents of inappropriate use-of-force by law enforcement (reported in 12 percent of Michigan's large cities compared to 4 percent of all jurisdictions statewide).

•Large cities are more likely than other jurisdictions to have policies and practices in place to minimize

police-community tensions such as citizen task forces and mandating independent

investigations into officer-involved shootings.

•Dashboard and body cameras are also more prevalent in large cities.

•Many (48 percent) local officials support their local law enforcement agency acquiring military equipment, while 20 percent oppose this.

•Looking beyond cities, Michigan's local leaders have relatively balanced attitudes on the question of ensuring privacy versus security through the use of surveillance technology. They

are more likely to support than oppose the presence of military equipment within local law enforcement, a potential trigger of increased tension with residents.

MPPS surveys were sent from Oct. 5-Dec. 8, 2015, via hard copy and the Internet to elected and appointed

officials in Michigan. A total of 1,418 jurisdictions

returned valid surveys, a 76-percent response rate. The margin of error was 1.3 percent.

—Tom Ivacko
February 24, 2016

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